ABS (extrusion)

Source: MaterialUniverse data module from Granta Design. An example polymer datasheet is provided here.

Composition

Compositional summary: Block terpolymer of acrylonitrile (15-35%), butadiene (5-30%), and Styrene (40-60%).

Price

Metric US Customary
Price 2.5 - 3* USD/kg 1.13 - 1.36* USD/lb

Physical properties

Metric US Customary
Density 1020 - 1080 kg/m3 0.0368 - 0.039 lb/in3

Mechanical properties

Metric US Customary
Young’s Modulus 2 - 2.9 GPa 0.29 - 0.421 106 psi
Yield strength 29.6 - 44.1 MPa 4.29 - 6.4 ksi
Tensile strength 30 - 50 MPa 4.35 - 7.25 ksi
Elongation 20 - 100 % strain 20 - 100 % strain
Compressive modulus 1.03 - 2.68 GPa 0.149 - 0.389 106 psi
Compressive strength 35.9 - 69* MPa 5.21 - 10* ksi
Flexural modulus 1.2 - 2.8 GPa 0.174 - 0.406 106 psi
Flexural strength (modulus of rupture) 40 - 80 MPa 5.8 - 11.6 ksi
Shear modulus 0.319 - 1.03* GPa 0.0462 - 0.15* 106 psi
Poisson’s ratio 0.394 - 0.422 0.394 - 0.422
Hardness - Vickers 8.9 - 13.2* HV 8.9 - 13.2* HV
Hardness - Rockwell M 54 - 60* 54 - 60*
Hardness - Rockwell R 75 - 115 75 - 115
Fatigue strength at 107 cycles 12 - 20* MPa 1.74 - 2.9* ksi
Mechanical loss coefficient (tan delta) 0.0138 - 0.0446* 0.0138 - 0.0446*

Impact & fracture properties

Metric US Customary
Ductility index 1.67 - 2.04 1.67 - 2.04
Impact strength, notched 23 °C 7.9 - 63 kJ/m2 4.83e-3 - 3.85e-2 BTU/in2
Impact strength, notched -30 °C 5.44 - 12.1 kJ/m2 3.33e-3 - 7.4e-3 BTU/in2
Impact strength, unnotched 23 °C 108 - 130 kJ/m2 6.6e-2 - 7.92e-2 BTU/in2
Impact strength, unnotched -30 °C 66.7 - 80 kJ/m2 4.08e-2 - 4.89e-2 BTU/in2

Thermal properties

Metric US Customary
Glass temperature 88 - 120 °C 190 - 248 °F
Heat deflection temperature 0.45MPa 77 - 113 °C 171 - 235 °F
Heat deflection temperature 1.8MPa 77 - 104 °C 171 - 219 °F
Maximum service temperature 62 - 77* °C 144 - 171* °F
Minimum service temperature -45  -  -35 °C -49  -  -31 °F
Thermal conductivity 0.226 - 0.235* W/m.°C 0.13 - 0.136* BTU.ft/hr.ft2.°F
Specific heat capacity 1390 - 1410 J/kg.°C 0.331 - 0.338 BTU/lb.°F
Thermal expansion coefficient 108 - 234 µstrain/°C 60 - 130 µstrain/°F

Electrical properties

Metric US Customary
Electrical resistivity 3.3e21 - 3e22 µohm.cm 1.3e21 - 1.18e22 µohm.in
Dielectric constant (relative permittivity) 2.8 - 3.2 2.8 - 3.2
Dissipation factor (dielectric loss tangent) 0.003 - 0.006 0.003 - 0.006
Dielectric strength (dielectric breakdown) 13.8 - 19.7 MV/m 351 - 500 V/mil
Comparative tracking index 400 - 600 V 400 - 600 V

Bio-data

RoHS (EU) compliant grades? Yes
Food contact Yes
Medical grades? (USP Class VI, ISO 10993) Yes
Medical applications Cardiovascular devices: catheters, cannulas
Sterilizability (ethylene oxide) Good
Sterilizability (radiation) Good
Sterilizability (steam autoclave) Poor
Radiopacity, predicted 20keV 1.01
Radiopacity, predicted 80keV 1
Radiopacity, predicted 150keV 1

Absorption & permeability

Metric US Customary
Water absorption at 24 hrs 0.2 to 0.45 % 0.2 to 0.45 %
Water vapor transmission 2.04 to 3.2 g.mm/m2.day 1.65e-5 to 2.58e-5 lb.in/ft2.day
Permeability (O2) 47.3 to 78.5 cm3.mm/m2.day.atm 5.09e-7 to 8.45e-7 ft2/day.atm
Permeability (CO2) 209 to 344 cm3.mm/m2.day.atm 2.24e-6 to 3.7e-6 ft2/day.atm
Permeability (N2) 6.67 to 13.5 cm3.mm/m2.day.atm 7.17e-8 to 1.45e-7 ft2/day.atm

Processing properties

Metric US Customary
Polymer injection molding Excellent
Polymer extrusion Excellent
Polymer thermoforming Excellent
Linear mold shrinkage 0.4 to 0.7 % 0.4 to 0.7 %
Melt temperature 177 to 260 °C 351 to 500 °F
Mold temperature 50 to 70 °C 122 to 158 °F
Molding pressure range 55 to 172* MPa 7.98 to 24.9* ksi

Durability

Metric US Customary
Water (fresh) Excellent
Water (salt) Excellent
Weak acids Excellent
Strong acids Limited use
Weak alkalis Acceptable
Strong alkalis Excellent
Organic solvents Unacceptable
Chemical resistance index 0.5
Environmental stress cracking index 0.55
Oxidation at 500 °C Unacceptable
UV radiation (sunlight) Poor
Flammability Highly flammable
Flammability - typical UL94 rating HB
Oxygen index 18 - 20 % 18 - 20 %

Chemical resistance (specific chemicals)

Acetaldehyde Unsatisfactory
Acetic acid (10%) Satisfactory
Acetic acid (glacial) Unsatisfactory
Acetic anhydride Unsatisfactory
Acetone Unsatisfactory
Acetonitrile Unsatisfactory
Acetophenone Unsatisfactory
Acetyl chloride Unsatisfactory
Acrylic acid Doubtful
Aluminum chloride (10%) Satisfactory
Aluminum sulfate Satisfactory
Ammonium hydroxide (35%) Limited
Ammonium sulfate (50%) Satisfactory
Amyl acetate Unsatisfactory
Amyl alcohol Unsatisfactory
Aniline Unsatisfactory
Antimony trichloride (10%) Satisfactory
Aqua regia Unsatisfactory
Arsenic acid Satisfactory
ASTM fuel A Limited
ASTM fuel B Doubtful
ASTM fuel C Doubtful
ASTM oil No. 1 Satisfactory
ASTM oil No. 2 or IRM902 Satisfactory
ASTM oil No. 3 or IRM903 Limited
Barium chloride Satisfactory
Benzaldehyde Unsatisfactory
Benzene Unsatisfactory
Benzyl alcohol Unsatisfactory
Benzyl chloride Unsatisfactory
Boric acid Satisfactory
Brake Fluid Unsatisfactory
Bromine liquid Unsatisfactory
Butyl acetate Unsatisfactory
Butyl alcohol (butanol) Unsatisfactory
Butyl chloride Unsatisfactory
Butylamine Unsatisfactory
Butyric acid Unsatisfactory
Calcium chloride Satisfactory
Carbon disulfide Unsatisfactory
Carbon tetrachloride Unsatisfactory
Castor oil Satisfactory
Cellosolve Unsatisfactory
Cellosolve acetate Unsatisfactory
Chloracetic acid Unsatisfactory
Chlorine dioxide Unsatisfactory
Chlorine gas (dry) Unsatisfactory
Chlorine water Doubtful
Chlorobenzene Unsatisfactory
Chloroform Unsatisfactory
Chlorosulfonic acid Unsatisfactory
Chrome plating solution Limited
Chromic acid Limited
Citric acid (10%) Satisfactory
Cod liver oil Satisfactory
Copper sulfate Satisfactory
Cotton seed oil Satisfactory
Cresols Unsatisfactory
Cyclohexane Limited
Cyclohexanol Satisfactory
Cyclohexanone Unsatisfactory
Decalin Satisfactory
Diesel oil Satisfactory
Diethyl ether Unsatisfactory
Diethylamine Unsatisfactory
Diethylene glycol Satisfactory
Dimethyl formamide Unsatisfactory
Dimethylamine Unsatisfactory
Dimethylhydrazine Doubtful
Dioctyl phthalate Unsatisfactory
Dioxane Unsatisfactory
Ethyl acetate Unsatisfactory
Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) Unsatisfactory
Ethyl chloride Unsatisfactory
Ethylamine Doubtful
Ethylene bromide Unsatisfactory
Ethylene chloride (1,2 dichloroethane) Unsatisfactory
Ethylene glycol Satisfactory
Ferric chloride Satisfactory
Fluoboric acid Probably satisfactory
Fluorine (gas) Satisfactory
Fluosilicic acid Satisfactory
Formaldehyde (40%) Satisfactory
Formic acid (90%) Satisfactory
Freon – 11 Unsatisfactory
Freon – 113 Limited
Freon – 115 Limited
Freon – 12 Satisfactory
Freon – 13 B1 Limited
Freon – 21 Limited
Freon – 22 Unsatisfactory
Freon – 32 Limited
Furfural Unsatisfactory
Glycerol Satisfactory
Hexane Limited
Hydrazine Doubtful
Hydrobromic acid (50%) Probably satisfactory
Hydrochloric acid (10%) Satisfactory
Hydrochloric acid (36%) Limited
Hydrofluoric acid (40%) Limited
Hydrogen peroxide (35%) Satisfactory
Hydrogen peroxide (87%) Limited
Hydrogen sulphide gas Satisfactory
Iso-octane Limited
Iso-propyl alcohol (iso-propanol) Satisfactory
Lactic acid (90%) Probably satisfactory
Lead acetate (10%) Satisfactory
Linseed oil Satisfactory
Lubricating oil Satisfactory
Magnesium chloride Satisfactory
Manganese sulfate Satisfactory
Mercuric chloride Satisfactory
Methyl alcohol (methanol) Unsatisfactory
Methyl bromide (gas) Probably satisfactory
Methyl ethyl ketone Unsatisfactory
Methylene chloride (dichloromethane) Unsatisfactory
Molasses Satisfactory
Monoethanolamine (2-aminoethanol) Probably satisfactory
Nickel chloride Satisfactory
Nitric acid (10%) Satisfactory
Nitric acid (70%) Unsatisfactory
Nitrobenzene Unsatisfactory
Nitromethane Unsatisfactory
Nitropropane Satisfactory
n-propanol Satisfactory
Oleic acid Satisfactory
Olive oil Satisfactory
Oxalic acid (solutions) Satisfactory
Ozone (gas) Unsatisfactory
Paraffin oil (kerosene) Satisfactory
Perchlorethylene Unsatisfactory
Peroxymonosulfuric acid Doubtful
Petrol (gasoline) Satisfactory
Phenol Unsatisfactory
Phosphoric acid (85%) Satisfactory
Picric acid (solutions) Unsatisfactory
Plating solutions (non-chrome) Limited
Potassium cyanide Satisfactory
Potassium fluoride Satisfactory
Potassium hydroxide (50%) Satisfactory
Potassium permanganate (25%) Limited
Potassium sulfate Satisfactory
Propionic acid Unsatisfactory
Propylene oxide Unsatisfactory
Pyridine Unsatisfactory
Rapeseed oil Satisfactory
Silicone fluids Satisfactory
Silver nitrate Satisfactory
Sodium borate Satisfactory
Sodium carbonate (10%) Satisfactory
Sodium chloride (25%) Satisfactory
Sodium chlorite Unsatisfactory
Sodium cyanide Satisfactory
Sodium hydroxide (10%) Satisfactory
Sodium hydroxide (60%) Satisfactory
Sodium hypochlorite (20%) Satisfactory
Sodium nitrate Satisfactory
Sour oil Satisfactory
Stannic chloride Satisfactory
Styrene Unsatisfactory
Sulfamic acid (solutions) Probably satisfactory
Sulfur dioxide (gas) Unsatisfactory
Sulfuric acid (10%) Satisfactory
Sulfuric acid (70%) Satisfactory
Sulfuric acid (96%) Unsatisfactory
Sulfuric acid (fuming) Unsatisfactory
Tetrachlorethane Unsatisfactory
Tetrahydrofuran Unsatisfactory
Tetralin Unsatisfactory
Thionyl chloride Unsatisfactory
Titanium tetrachloride Limited
Toluene Unsatisfactory
Transformer oil Satisfactory
Trichloracetic acid Limited
Trichlorethane Unsatisfactory
Trichlorethylene Unsatisfactory
Tricresyl phosphate Unsatisfactory
Triethanolamine Satisfactory
Triethylamine Limited
Turpentine Unsatisfactory
Vegetable oils (general) Satisfactory
Vinyl acetate Unsatisfactory
Vinyl chloride Doubtful
Water (distilled) Satisfactory
Water (sea) Satisfactory
White spirit Satisfactory
Wine Satisfactory
Xylene Unsatisfactory
Zinc chloride (aq. sol.) Satisfactory

Primary production energy, CO2 and water

Metric US Customary
Embodied energy, primary production 90.6 - 99.9 MJ/kg 39000 - 42900 BTU/lb
CO2 footprint, primary production 3.45 - 3.81 kg/kg 3.45 - 3.81 lb/lb
NOx creation 12.9 - 14.3* g/kg 0.0129 - 0.0143* lb/lb
SOx creation 38.8 - 42.9* g/kg 0.0388 0.0429* lb/lb
Water usage 167 - 185* l/kg 4620 - 5120* in3/lb

Processing energy, CO2 footprint & water

Metric US Customary
Polymer extrusion energy 5.78 - 6.39* MJ/kg 2490 - 2750* BTU/lb
Polymer extrusion CO2 0.434 - 0.48* kg/kg 0.434 - 0.48* lb/lb
Polymer extrusion water 4.81 - 7.22* l/kg 133 - 200* in3/lb
Polymer molding energy 17.6 - 19.5* MJ/kg 7580 - 8380* BTU/lb
Polymer molding CO2 1.32 - 1.46* kg/kg 1.32 - 1.46* lb/lb
Polymer molding water 12.2 - 18.2* l/kg 336 - 505* in3/lb
Course machining energy (per unit wt removed) 0.925 - 1.02* MJ/kg 398 - 440* BTU/lb
Course machining CO2 (per unit wt removed) 0.0694 - 0.0767* kg/kg 0.0694 - 0.0767* lb/lb
Fine machining energy (per unit wt removed) 4.98 - 5.5* MJ/kg 2140 - 2370* BTU/lb
Fine machining CO2 (per unit wt removed) 0.373 - 0.413* kg/kg 0.373 - 0.413* lb/lb
Grinding energy (per unit wt removed) 9.48 - 10.5* MJ/kg 4080 - 4510* BTU/lb
Grinding CO2 (per unit wt removed) 0.711 - 0.786* kg/kg 0.711 - 0.786* lb/lb

Recycling and end of life

Metric US Customary
Recycle Yes
Embodied energy, recycling 30.7 - 34* MJ/kg 13200 - 14600* BTU/lb
CO2 footprint, recycling 1.17 - 1.29* kg/kg 1.17 - 1.29* lb/lb
Recycle fraction in current supply 3.8 - 4.2 % 3.8 - 4.2 %
Downcycle Yes
Combust for energy recovery Yes
Heat of combustion (net) 37.6 - 39.5* MJ/kg 16200 - 17000* BTU/lb
Combustion CO2 3.06 - 3.22* kg/kg 3.06 - 3.22* lb/lb
Landfill Yes
Biodegrade No

Alternative names

Tradenames Abistir, Abscom, Absolac, Abstron, Accucomp, Alcom, Allen, Altech, Anjacom, Ashlene, Astalac, Badalac, Bulksam, Certene, Cevian, Cevian-V, Cheng, Claradex, Clariant, Colorrx, Cycolac, Delta, Diamond, Dynacom, Edgetek, Electrafil, Elix, Encom, Epitec, Estadiene, Evosource, Excelloy, Ghaed, Hival, Hylac, Isopak, Jackdaw, Jamplast, Kaneka, Kralastic, Kumho, Kumhosunny, LNP Stat-Loy, Lustran, Magnum, Malecca, Micholac, Neftekhim, Next, Next Signature, Nexus, Nilac, Novakral, Novalloy-E, Novodur, Omnitech, Permastat, Plaslube, Polimaxx, Polyabs, Poly-Elek, Polylac, Polylan, Polyman, Ponacom, Pryme, Radici, Ramshine, Retelan, Ronfalin, Rotec, Royalite, Santac, Sattler, Saxalac, Shinko-Lac, Sicoflex, Sindustris, Sinkral, Spartech, Starex, Stylac, Tairilac, Taitalac, Tarodur, Techno, Tenogel, Terez, Terluran, Toyolac, Trilac, Tynab, Tyne, Veroplas, Zgpc

Properties marked with * are estimated using Granta proprietary models based on similar materials and property correlations.